GERMANY: Germany and the United Nations are planning to host the Libya conference in Berlin on June 23. The conference aims to highlight the issues in the North African country and its transitional government. The discussion will mainly focus on the preparations for Libyan elections in December and the withdrawal of foreign forces.
The conference that was announced on Tuesday is expected to take place at the level of foreign ministers. This is a follow to the first Berlin conference that was held in January 2020 at which the leaders agreed to push Libya’s warring parties to reach a full cease-fire. An October cease-fire agreement that included a demand that all foreign fighters and mercenaries leave Libya within 90 days led to a deal on the transitional government and December elections. Along with this, steps towards the creation of unified Libyan security forces will also be discussed.
The countries that have been involved in the process include the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, along with Italy, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates.
In an open statement, the German foreign ministry said. “The Berlin conference will mark the first time that the Libyan transitional government is represented at such an event.”
“It will take stock of progress since the first Berlin gathering and discuss the next steps needed for sustainable stabilization,” it added.
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Libya has been caught in political chaos since a NATO-backed uprising toppled and later killed longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi in 2011. The North African country was long divided between a U.N.-supported government and rival authorities, each backed by armed groups.
In April 2019, Commander Khalifa Hitler and his forces backed by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates launched an offensive to try and capture Tripoli.