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India’s Chandrayaan-3 Nears Moon Landing with Precision Orbital Maneuvers

The maneuvers are part of Chandrayaan-3's low-energy approach to the moon

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Aditya Saikrishna
Aditya Saikrishna
I am 21 years old and an avid Motorsports enthusiast.

INDIA: India’s Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft is making steady progress on its mission to reach the moon, executing a series of strategic burns to elevate its orbit and prepare for a historic lunar landing.

The spacecraft, launched on July 14, has been meticulously boosting its orbit around Earth as it gears up for its final journey toward the lunar surface.

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The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) recently confirmed that the lunar spacecraft’s propulsion module completed its fourth orbit-raising maneuver on Thursday, July 20. 

The precise firing of engines occurred at the closest approach to Earth, effectively increasing the spacecraft’s apogee—the farthest point from Earth in its orbit. Looking ahead, the next critical firing is scheduled to take place between 2 and 3 p.m. India Standard Time on July 25. 

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During this upcoming maneuver, known as the translunar injection (TLI) burn, Chandrayaan-3 will be propelled toward the moon, setting the stage for its highly anticipated landing attempt.

The low-energy approach adopted by Chandrayaan-3 is designed to optimize its trajectory to the moon and maximize its chances of a successful landing. 

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The date set for this historic touchdown is expected to be either August 23 or August 24, as Chandrayaan-3 seeks to become India’s second mission to make contact with the lunar surface.

Chandrayaan-3’s ambitious mission follows in the footsteps of its predecessor, Chandrayaan-2, which encountered challenges during its attempted moon landing in 2019. 

With valuable lessons learned from the earlier venture, the Chandrayaan-3 team has worked diligently to improve and enhance the spacecraft’s capabilities, increasing the prospects for a triumphant lunar landing this time around.

If all goes according to plan, the mission’s lander and rover will commence their scientific exploration of the lunar surface for up to 14 Earth days—a single lunar day. 

During this brief yet crucial period, the Chandrayaan-3 mission aims to gather valuable scientific data and insights from the moon’s terrain and composition.

However, it is important to note that the harsh lunar environment poses significant challenges to the spacecraft’s survival. As the lunar night plunges temperatures to extreme lows, the spacecraft is not expected to endure the harsh conditions, making the surface operation of the lander and rover a race against time.

The Chandrayaan-3 mission represents a significant milestone for India’s space exploration program, demonstrating the nation’s commitment to advancing its capabilities in space research and technology. 

With each mission, India has showcased its determination to unlock the mysteries of the moon and the cosmos, contributing to the global scientific community’s knowledge and understanding of our celestial neighbor.

As the countdown continues toward the scheduled landing date, excitement and anticipation build among scientists, engineers, and space enthusiasts worldwide. 

Chandrayaan-3’s success would not only mark a momentous achievement for India but also add a new chapter to the ongoing exploration of the moon—a celestial body that continues to captivate the imagination of humanity.

Also Read: ISRO’s Chandrayaan-3 Begins Journey to the Moon, Political Parties Clash Over Credit


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