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Tuesday, March 21, 2023

Remembering Albert Einstein: The Man Who Turned Physics Upside Down

Einstein's contributions to the world of physics are immeasurable

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Russell Chattaraj
Russell Chattaraj
Mechanical engineering graduate, writes about science, technology and sports, teaching physics and mathematics, also played cricket professionally and passionate about bodybuilding.

INDIA: March 14 marks the birth anniversary of one of the greatest scientists of all time, Albert Einstein. His contributions to the world of physics are immeasurable, and his ideas have influenced the way we understand the universe around us.

His theories on relativity and the nature of light have changed the way we think about time and space. On this special day, it is only fitting to celebrate the life and legacy of this brilliant scientist.

Young Einstein: The early years

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Einstein was born in 1879 in the German city of Ulm. As a child, he showed an exceptional interest in math and science, but he struggled in school, which led his teachers to believe he was not intelligent.

However, he persevered and eventually went on to study physics at the Polytechnic in Zurich. After graduation, he worked as a patent clerk in Switzerland, where he had ample time to pursue his own research and ideas.

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It was during this time that Einstein developed his theory of relativity, which fundamentally changed our understanding of space and time.

The Theory of Relativity: A new understanding of time and space

According to Einstein, time is not an absolute concept but rather depends on the observer’s point of view.

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This means that time can appear to pass more slowly for objects in motion than for objects at rest. This theory was groundbreaking and challenged long-held beliefs in the scientific community.

Einstein’s theory of relativity also led to the famous equation E = mc2 , which describes the relationship between mass and energy.

Photo Credit: Benjamin Couprie, Institute International de Physique Solvay

This equation shows that a small amount of mass can be converted into a large amount of energy, which has practical applications in nuclear power and weapons.

Noble Prize

Source: Gothenburg Library Photo Credit: Andres Wilhelm Karnell

Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921, but it was not for his work on relativity. Instead, he was recognized for his contributions to theoretical physics, particularly for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.

Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity fundamentally changed our understanding of the universe and has been recognized as one of the most important scientific discoveries of the 20th century. Despite this, Einstein did not receive a Nobel Prize for his work on relativity.

A Pacifist and Humanitarian: Einstein’s impact on society

Nobel Laureates in Physics Albert Einstein (left) and Niels Bohr (right) walking. Photo taken at the 1930 Solvay Conference in Brussels. Source: Danish Film Institute. Photo Credit: Paul Ehrenfest

He also made significant contributions to the development of quantum mechanics, a branch of physics that explores the behavior of subatomic particles.

Aside from his contributions to science, Einstein was also a champion of peace and human rights. He was an outspoken pacifist and opposed the use of nuclear weapons. He also fought against racism and discrimination and was an advocate for the rights of minorities and oppressed groups.

It is also worth noting that Einstein did play a role in the early days of Israel’s history. In 1948, he was offered the presidency of Israel, but he declined the offer, stating that he lacked the necessary experience and skills for the job.

Einstein’s Legacy: Inspiring future generations and advancements in Science

Einstein’s legacy lives on today, both in the scientific community and in popular culture. His name has become synonymous with genius, and his image is instantly recognizable.

Einstein has inspired countless people to pursue careers in science and has left an indelible mark on the world. His birth anniversary is a reminder of the incredible impact that one person can have on the world.

His ideas and theories have shaped our understanding of the universe, and his humanitarian efforts have inspired generations. As we celebrate his life and legacy, we can only hope to continue to build upon his work and strive to make the world a better place.

If you are interested in a technical understanding of his work, click here to read his papers.

Science trivia: Interestingly, Pi Day and Stephen Hawking Day are also celebrated on March 14 in honor of the mathematical constant Pi (π) and the late physicist’s birthday.

Also Read: ISRO Successfully Completed the Controlled Re-entry of Megha-Tropiques Satellite


  • Russell Chattaraj

    Mechanical engineering graduate, writes about science, technology and sports, teaching physics and mathematics, also played cricket professionally and passionate about bodybuilding.

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