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Saturday, April 1, 2023

The Indigenous Aircraft Carrier “Vikrant” Leaves Port For Maiden Sea Trial

Designed And Built By Directorate Of Naval Design And Cochin Shipyard Limited

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Raju Vernekar
Raju Vernekar
Raju Vermekar is a senior Mumbai-based journalist who have worked with many daily newspapers. Raju contributes on versatile topics.

INDIA. Mumbai: India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier(IAC) Vikrant ( P 71), designed by the Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design (DND) and built at Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL), a Public Sector Shipyard under the Union Ministry of Shipping, set sail on Wednesday to begin its first sea trial.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said in a tweet: “Maiden sea sortie of Indigenous Aircraft Carrier, ‘Vikrant’ is a true testimony to our unwavering commitment to #Atmanirbharta in Defence. Realisation of this historic milestone, regardless of COVID, shows true dedication & commitment of all stakeholders. A proud moment for India.”

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The advanced warship is also the first attempt by the two entities to build an aircraft carrier from the ground up. Indian Navy shared images and videos as the aircraft carrier took to the sea for the first time. “Proud & historic day for India as the reincarnated Vikrant sails for her maiden sea trials today, in the 50th year of her illustrious predecessor’s key role in the victory in the 1971 war Largest & most complex warship ever to be designed & built in India. Many more will follow”, an Indian Navy spokesman tweeted.

Vikrant is a leading example of the nation’s quest for “Atma Nirbhar Bharat” with more than 76% indigenous content. This is the maiden attempt of the Indian Navy and Cochin Shipyard to indigenously design and build an Aircraft Carrier.

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Vikrant, monickered IAC-1, has been named after the now-decommissioned aircraft carrier that played a crucial role in the 1971 war. It is likely to be commissioned to Indian Navy sometime around latter half of next year with the name INS Vikrant.

The Indigenous Aircraft Carrier is 262 m long, 62 m at the widest part, and height of 59 m including the superstructure. There are 14 decks in all, including five in the superstructure. The ship has over 2,300 compartments, designed for a crew of around 1700 people, including specialized cabins to accommodate women officers. 

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The ship has been designed with a very high degree of automation for machinery operation, ship navigation, and survivability, ‘Vikrant’ has a top speed of around 28 knots and cruising speed of 18 knots with an endurance of about 7,500 nautical miles. The ship can accommodate an assortment of fixed-wing and rotary aircraft.

Most of the ship’s construction activities have been completed and the ship has entered the trial phase. The readiness of the ship’s Propulsion and Power Generation equipment/ systems was tested in the harbour as part of basin trials in November 2020. 

Progress of construction of the carrier was reviewed by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, during his visit to the ship on June 25. Though the commencement of sea trials was delayed due to the 2 and wave of COVID-19, with concentrated and dedicated efforts of a large number of workmen, Original Equipment Manufacturers(OEMs), engineers, overseers, inspectors, designers, and the ship’s crew, the work was completed.

This is a major milestone activity and historical event. Reaching this milestone is significant as they have been achieved barring the current pandemic challenges and imponderables. During the maiden sailing, the ship’s performance, including hull, main propulsion, PGD, and auxiliary equipment would be closely watched.

With the delivery of “Vikrant”, India would join a select group of nations with the capability to indigenously design and build an Aircraft Carrier, which will be a real testimony to the ‘Make in India’ thrust of the Indian Government.

The example of the “Make in India initiative”

The Indigenous construction of Aircraft Carrier is a shining example in the Nation’s quest for ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’ and ‘Make in India Initiative’. This has led to growth in indigenous design and construction capabilities besides the development of a large number of ancillary industries, with employment opportunities for 2000 CSL personnel and about 12000 employees in ancillary industries.

The work by CSL and their subcontractors, is being directly invested back into the Indian economy. Around 550 Indian firms including about 100 MSMEs are registered with CSL, who are providing various services for the construction of “Vikrant”. Indian Navy’s ship-building program is rightly poised to provide requisite ‘Economic Stimulus’, with 44 ships and submarines on order being built indigenously.


  • Raju Vernekar

    Raju Vermekar is a senior Mumbai-based journalist who have worked with many daily newspapers. Raju contributes on versatile topics.

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